It is estimated that by 2025, there will be around five million electric vehicles on the road worldwide, with the majority of these in the EU. Planning and operating distribution networks with a high penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) poses a challenge for DSOs.
To overcome these challenges, the PlanGridEV project has developed a totally new planning approach for distribution grids, implemented via a prototype simulation tool. PlanGridEV was an EU project, under the FP7 funding framework, that ESB Networks was a partner in along with Enel, RWE, ETH, Sapienza, TU, Tecnalia, Tractbel, Renault and Daimler. The project looked at distribution grid planning and operational principles for EV mass roll-out while enabling distributed energy resource integration.
Models for the major components of car movement and charging, wind generation, PV generation and storage were developed and integrated. The outputs and findings of this work will be used in future design standards within ESB Networks as we see an increase in the adoption of electric vehicles in rural Ireland.